Who controlled the Byzantine church?
According to this theory, the college of the five patriarchs of Rome, Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem, in that order of precedence, governed the Church as successors to the college of the Apostles with Peter as their coryphaeus, or head.
How were Byzantine emperors chosen?
Primogeniture, or indeed heredity itself, was never legally established in Byzantine imperial succession, because in principle the Roman Emperor was selected by common acclamation of the Senate, the People and the Army.
Was the emperor the head of the church in the Byzantine Empire?
Aided by ministers, high-ranking nobility, and key church figures, the emperor (and sometimes empress) was commander-in-chief of the army, head of the Church and government, controlled the state finances, and appointed or dismissed nobles at will.
Who was the head of the Byzantine church quizlet?
The Emperor appointed the church head.
Is the Byzantine Catholic Church under the Pope?
The Byzantine Rite Catholic Church retained various practices of the Eastern church while acknowledging the supreme leadership of the pope.
Who made final decisions about the church in the Byzantine Empire?
The bishops of Rome, known as the popes, claimed authority over the whole church, while Eastern patriarchs and the Byzantine emperor disagreed. The pope refused to recognize the Byzantine emperor as his superior. Eventually, this issue ended in the Great Schism, which divided Christians into two rival churches.
How did Justinian gain the throne?
Justinian gained the throne as his uncle made him co-emperor. His mother, Vigilantia, was Justin’s sister. Justin was part of the imperial guard before being named emperor in the year 518, adopted Justinian and took him with him to Constantinople, ensuring that he received a good education.