What makes a church a basilica?

What are the characteristics of a basilica?

The main characteristics of a basilica church, established by the 4th century ad, were: a rectangular plan with a longitudinal axis, a wooden roof and an e end, which was either rectangular or contained a semicircular apse. The body of the church usually had a central nave and two flanking aisles.

What is the correct definition of a basilica?

1 : an oblong building ending in a semicircular apse used in ancient Rome especially for a court of justice and place of public assembly. 2 : an early Christian church building consisting of nave and aisles with clerestory and a large high transept from which an apse projects.

What makes a basilica a major basilica?

Major basilica (Latin: Basilica maior, Basilicae maiores in plural) is the title given to the four highest-ranking Roman Catholic churches. All other churches that have the title of a basilica are minor basilicas (Latin: Basilica minor).

What is the largest basilica in the world?

Peter’s Basilica in Vatican City, the largest church in the world.

List.

Name St. Peter’s Basilica
Built 1506–1626
City Vatican City
Country Vatican City
Denomination Catholic (Latin)

What is another name for basilica?

What is another word for basilica?

church shrine
temple minster
cathedral sanctuary
chancel house of prayer
house of God house of worship
IT IS INTERESTING:  Are Catholic priests mandated reporters?