The Catholic Church teaches that there are three sources of authority:
- magisterium – the teaching authority of the Catholic Church formed of the Pope and Bishops of the Church.
- scripture – the Bible which is classed as the Word of God, including the teachings of Christ.
What are Catholic leaders called?
The Pope is the head of the Catholic Church. He is God’s representative on Earth. … When the Pope dies or resigns, the next Pope is usually chosen from the cardinals. Archbishops and bishops normally oversee a number of churches in one area. Priests are the people in charge of individual churches.
Who governs the church?
The minister of the church (sometimes referred to as a teaching elder) is a member of and presides over the session; lay representatives (ruling elders or, informally, just elders) are elected by the congregation.
Who is above the Pope?
Cardinal. Cardinals are leading bishops and members of the College of Cardinals. Their biggest duty is participating in the Papal Conclave, that is, voting for the new Pope. Most have additional duties including missions within the Roman Curia, governmental body of the Holy See.
Who is more powerful Pope or queen?
It is beyond question that Pope Benedict XVI wields more personal power, in his own sphere, than Elizabeth II in hers. Even when pronouncing on behalf of the Church the Pope has the whip-hand and is the preponderant authority. … The Queen, for her part, has considerable freedom of action “outside Parliament”.
Can the Pope sin?
So according to Catholicism, an immoral pope (you’ll find several in Church history) can sin like any man and will answer to God for his evil deeds. However, as supreme head of the Church, the pope retains his infallibility on matters of faith and morals as long as he remains pope.