What is pilgrimage in architecture?
A pilgrimage in the traditional sense is about repentance, absolution, and redemption. Architecture has always played a role in both secular and religious journeys, in the design of sacred enclosures or the provision of basic infrastructure for someti- mes arduous travel.
How did the plan construction of the church accommodate the needs of the pilgrims?
The pilgrimage church increased the length of the nave and doubled the side aisles. The pilgrimage church added transept, ambulatory and radiating chapels in order to accommodate the increased numbers of pilgrims following the route in order to view the relics.
What two architectural features does a church need to be a pilgrimage?
What two architectural features does a church need to be a pilgrimage? Characteristic of pilgrimage churches are their ambulatories, the hallways and aisles which circulate around the periphery (“ambulatory” means a place to “amble” or walk), and their radiating chapels — small rooms which radiate from the main plan.
What is pilgrimage in Romanesque?
One of the most important artistic developments in the Romanesque period is the pilgrimage church. … Pilgramage churches are large and generally have a long transept which intersects the nave. They often have a tower over the crossing of the nave and transept.
How did pilgrimages affect architecture?
Pilgrimages impacted the arts in both practical and aesthetic ways. Practically, the need for larger churches promoted innovation and the return of Roman techniques like arches and barrel vaults that dispersed weight and allowed for larger, more open structures.
What are the main features of Romanesque architecture?
Combining features of Roman and Byzantine buildings along with other local traditions, Romanesque architecture is distinguished by massive quality, thick walls, round arches, sturdy piers, groin vaults, large towers, and decorative arcades .
What architectural features would help you to identify if it was a pilgrimage church?
Generally, these portals would also have an elaborate sculptural program, often portraying the Second Coming—a good way to remind the weary pilgrim why they made the trip! A pilgrimage church generally consisted of a double aisle on either side of the nave (the wide hall that runs down the center of a church).
What was the main function of the Romanesque churches?
The first consistent style was called Romanesque, which was at its peak between 1050 and 1200. Romanesque churches used art, largely painting and sculpture, to communicate important things. For one, art was used as visual reminders of biblical stories, which helped teach the faith to an illiterate population.