Which presidents did not swear on the Bible?
Theodore Roosevelt did not use the Bible when taking the oath in 1901, nor did John Quincy Adams, who swore on a book of law, with the intention that he was swearing on the constitution. Lyndon B. Johnson was sworn in on a Roman Catholic missal on Air Force One.
Did George Washington whisper his oath of office?
One of the most widely held myths about George Washington is that immediately after he took the prescribed oath to become the nation’s first President, he solemnly added the words, “So help me God” and thus began a tradition that has been followed ever since. … Arthur took the oath in 1881.
What was George Washington’s oath?
Before the assembled crowd of spectators, Robert Livingston, Chancellor of the State of New York, administered the oath of office prescribed by the Constitution: “I do solemnly swear that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States, and will, to the best of my ability, preserve, protect, and …
What presidents did not attend their successor’s inauguration?
While most outgoing presidents have appeared on the inaugural platform with their successor, six did not:
- John Adams left Washington rather than attend the 1801 inauguration of Thomas Jefferson.
- John Quincy Adams also left town, unwilling to be present for the 1829 inauguration of Andrew Jackson.
What happens if you say no to Do you swear to tell the truth?
If you refuse to testify under oath and/or under affirmation, then that can constitute both civil contempt of court and criminal contempt of court. This means you may: … not be permitted to testify.
What did George Washington say in his inauguration speech?
He explained that the virtuous Americans would make the new nation a model for the world: “[T]he foundation of our national policy will be laid in the pure and immutable principles of private morality, and the preeminence of free government be exemplified by all the attributes which can win the affections of its …
What was George Washington’s favorite Bible verse?
Micah 4:4 was, according to Lillback, Washington’s favorite verse, and it’s hard to argue with him. Here’s just a small sample of Washingtonian references to this passage.
Did George Washington kiss the Bible?
There is, however, contemporary evidence that George Washington engaged in a symbolic equivalent when he kissed the Bible after taking his oath, and that this practice was contemporaneously also reported for the inaugurations of Andrew Jackson, Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S.
Where is the Washington Bible kept?
As a reminder, the first presidential inauguration was held right here in Lower Manhattan, on the steps of Federal Hall. Now a national memorial, Federal Hall still has George Washington’s inaugural bible, a King James edition printed in London just a decade or two before Washington was sworn in.